This doublet is a rare example of sixteenth-century male clothing, very little of which has survived. The cut of the doublet, particularly the protruding “peascod” waist, is typical of fashionable costume of the 1570s and 1580s. The delicate silk embroidery and the use of gold and silver metallic yarns are additional indicators of its high quality. The padded ribs on the chest, back, and sleeves suggest that the doublet was also intended as a protective garment. It was probably made for wear during fencing practice, which was at the time an essential part of every gentleman’s education.